Hyperpigmentation is a very common phenomenon today with specific signs such as darkened skin, brown spots, dark patches, melasma... Causes of increased pigmentation It is also quite varied from the production of hormonal changes in the body, to frequent exposure to sunlight, due to improper acne treatment or even dermatitis that can cause "hyperpigmentation". That is why more and more skin lightening and pigmentation correction products are appearing on the market, becoming one of the important steps in the skin care process of many women around the world.
Every day, as the cosmetic and pharmaceutical industry grow, people discover more and more innovative active ingredients and ingredients that can help improve skin tone as well as brighten skin evenly. With this variety of ingredients, surely many of you will find it confusing and difficult to make the right decision when choosing products to support your pigmentation treatment. So today's article, we wants to briefly talk about 3 main causes of this phenomenon and suggest about 3-4 bright ingredients that can help you lighten skin and fade dark spots. for the most effective result.
HYPERPIGMENTATION: THE CAUSES
Frequent long-term exposure to sunlight is one of the main causes of uneven skin coloration, age spots, hyperpigmentation and dark skin. Areas where this phenomenon often occurs can be mentioned as the face, chest, hands ...
The time when we are young, with little proper skin protection, at first often do not see the signs of hyperpigmentation, but over time, as we age, especially when passing at the age of 25 or 30, or when pregnant, under the influence of hormones, this phenomenon becomes more pronounced on the surface of the skin, making the treatment longer and more complicated. Women who take oral contraceptives or undergo hormonal treatment are also more likely to suffer from this hyperpigmentation.
One of the most popular types of hyperpigmentation is melasma. Melasma is a skin pigmentation disorder that usually occurs on the skin's surface and has no specific cause. Causes of skin pigmentation are very diverse, can be due to the influence of hormonal changes, to the effects of medications, chemical treatments or the effects of ultraviolet rays in the sun. Treatment of skin pigmentation often requires a very long time, patience and challenges, as well as choosing the most appropriate product and treatment process to get the desired results.
With advances in research related to hyperpigmentation, ingredients that are proven to repair DNA damage and effectively treat brown spots on the skin are: Tranexamic Acid Combined with Chamomilla Extract (able to inhibit dermatitis caused by UVB), Linoelic Acid (0.1% - focus on UV-induced pigmentation), Ellagic Acid (0.5% - skin lightening damage caused by UV)
Hydroquinone is also a powerful skin lightening agent that is commonly used to treat hyperpigmentation. With a concentration of about 2% (an over-the-counter drug), this active ingredient has been shown to interfere with the enzyme tyrosinase (responsible for melanin production), at a rate> 4% when used under the doctor's guide. However, this ingredient is also restricted and most European countries ban it because of fear of high toxic effects when using products containing Hydroquinone. Particularly in the US, Hydroquinone is still being allowed to use within a limit like we have just mentioned above.
Alpha Hydroxy Acid and laser treatments are ideal for sun-damaged skin because of their ability to strip the surface cuticles, revealing new, brighter, smooth skin, membrane more and more even color.
Vitamin C and a different form (Ascorbic Acid) are also the perfect choices for skin lightening as well as for hyperpigmentation treatment. Thanks to vitamin C with powerful antioxidant properties, this ingredient also enhances the skin-protective effects of sunscreen ingredients. In general, when treating hyperpigmentation, don't forget to combine skin protection with a specialized sunscreen product.
Hyperpigmentation due to inflammation is also one of the very common case, often arising from many causes, such as acne, atopic dermatitis, trauma, damage to the skin surface .. Hyperpigmentation can affect all skin types, especially those with darker skin.
To treat inflammatory hyperpigmentation, it is necessary first to identify inflammatory factors, terminate the effects of these agents, enhance sun protection and reduce pigmentation by using skin lightening ingredients. Some of the ingredients that are proven to reduce inflammation and treat post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation include: Arbutin, Mulberry Extract, Licorica Extract, Bearberry Extract and Soy. (soy bean)
Niacinamide is one of the brightest ingredients that has also been shown to be highly effective in treating post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation by inhibiting and converting melanin. from melanocytes into keratinocytes. At 2% Niacinamide, this active ingredient also reduces the skin's sebum production, thereby reducing the incidence of acne in many cases, as well as reducing inflammation and limiting the appearance of blemishes. .
When treating hyperpigmentation in people with dark skin, the strong product should be limited, because they can cause skin inflammation again and make the skin darker. Compared with Glycolic Acid, Lactic Acid is less irritating but may also help inhibit tyrosinase more effectively. This is also a suggestion for you when choosing your cosmetics.
In the process of hyperpigmentation treatment, do not forget to combine daily sunscreen, a broad spectrum sunscreen that is both UVA and UVB resistant, but if you are sensitive skin type, you can choose a physical sunscreen with the presence of Titannium Dioxide or Zinc Oxide.