Treating melasma, brown spots, or skin problems related to hyperpigmentation often requires a long period of time as well as patience. Therefore, how to protect and nourish the skin in this process is also an extremely important step, contributing significantly to the results obtained after treatment as well as being able to decide whether the treatment can take place smoothly and avoid unforeseen damage such as thinning of the skin, dry skin, peeling, irritation, darkening, inflamed or redness ... So do you know how to protect skin so that the treatment of melasma is the most perfect?
How to protect the skin when treating melasma
About 6 million women in the US are dealing with melasma, according to the National Institutes of Health. In addition to hormonal changes, sun exposure, people genetically affected with darker skin are also prone to melasma. People who work in high-heat environments such as cooks can also experience heat irritation on their skin causing excess pigmentation.
Although pigmentation is not dangerous, it will definitely affect your life, especially for women after the age of 30. So let the following guides help you protect your skin from pigmentation during and after treatment:
Using sunscreen daily is still an extremely important and indispensable step in skincare protection. Sunlight is known to be one of the main causes of dark spots, brown spots on the surface. Using sunscreen daily will help form a barrier that enhances the skin's protection from sunlight as well as UV rays, minimizing the risk of skin pigmentation as well as aging.
A sunscreen should be chosen as a broad spectrum sunscreen with a minimum SPF of 30, with the presence of Zinc Oxide.
You can also use two layers of physical and chemical sunscreens alternately to strengthen the skin barrier.
Other sun protection measures when going outdoors are wide brimmed hats, long-sleeved protective clothing, sunglasses and masks, and umbrella... These products will help keep UV rays from decreasing somewhat, avoid impacting on facial skin.
Limit going out during 9am - 15pm, looking for a shade place is also a suggestion for you.
Besides, do not forget that melasma treatment results often do not last long and are likely to return in a short time if not be protected properly. Therefore, the skincare routines mentioned during the treatment are still recommended to apply even when your skin has become healthy and white as before.
Minimizing the time to go out if not necessary and combining with the use of sunscreen is the perfect solution you should apply and force. When treating skin pigmentation, the skin is very sensitive, vulnerable and irritated, as well as susceptible to being reactivated by sunlight and UV rays, making the pigmentation darker, penetrating deeper into the skin, harder to treat. So for the best results, create the ideal conditions for your skin to recover.
When indoors, avoid areas near the windows, limit fluorescent lights, don't watch TV or use computers/phones too much, some of these products can still emit UV rays affecting the skin. Therefore sun protection is necessary to use anytime, anywhere.
Skin care support products
In addition to the products and treatments for melasma that you are applying, don't forget that your skin still needs support from many other skin care products, such as:
- Mineral spray: helps to soothe skin, reduce redness inflammation, skin irritation, soften skin, quickly return skin to its original state. Mineral sprays are also your indomitable object in the treatment of melasma thanks to the use of water, moisture to help reduce the feeling of dry, itchy, peeling skin.
- At night or during the day, only choose to use mild, safe, and benign cream products, avoiding the overuse of peeling products during this time.
Keep yourself at ease
The spirit of comfort is also a factor that contributes to the improvement of dark spots by stabilizing hormones in the body. The more you stress, stress, think, stay up late, lose sleep, eat poorly in moderation, the more hormones are easily imbalanced, which in turn makes the skin worse.
If you have trouble relaxing your mind, try techniques like meditation and yoga to help. If not, you can still take other measures such as walking around the park, reading, bathing and relaxing.
Stop using the drug
Some drugs can cause melasma to form such as birth control pills, hormone replacement therapies ... these products accidentally affect the amount of hormones in the body and cause skin pigmentation to appear. show. So try talking with your doctor about whether you will stop taking these medications to see if any difference occurs.
In addition to using moisturizing products for your skin, you should also consume 8-10 glasses of water a day, equivalent to 1.5-2 liters of water per day. Water not only helps to cool the body but also helps to stimulate toxins, reduce skin inflammation, refresh skin, help moisturize the skin, as well as assist in the erasing of pigmentation.
You can squeeze some types of water such as lemon juice used to wake up the ability to fade melasma thanks to the high natural source of vitamin C.
Facial waxing can cause skin inflammation and worsen pigmentation. So it is better to avoid waxing the areas of the body affected by pigmentation.
A nutritious diet with fruits and vegetables not only improves overall health, but also helps maintain the health of skin, hair and nails. You should also include in this diet high quality protein, Omega-3 fatty acids.